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Gauges the overall total station- how to use the terminal  

devices Alchamlh-

Areas of use overall station hardware-key steps to do

  Baltdilaa by

Overall terminal device is an incredibly sophisticated
  and which can be measured in each of the

Vertical angle and horizontal angle and distance, as well 

as many other information

Derived from these three basic measurements in monitoring the process and one All of these devices

You may through touches or certain movements device statement all the following:


Horizontal angle horizontal angle

Vertical vertical angle corner

Distance oblique slope distance

Horizontal distance horizontal distance

Vertical distance vertical distance

And advanced type of overall plant equipment total station is a system

Superautomatic integrated electronic (initially called for electronic techometer


Consists of an electronic Theore to read angles horizontal and vertical) and measuring device

Distances as well as an electronic machine recording and storage of electronic data and Calculator

Electronic (data collector) where it can be advanced by this type of device

Read and write and calculate angles (horizontal and 
vertical) and distances (horizontal and oblique)

And coordinates and elevations and directions automatically. The advantage of these devices is the ease of use, speed and economy.

Areas of use overall station hardware


There are multiple areas to benefit from the overall plant and equipment, including:


The detailed survey


Engineering Projects (signature buildings, roads and

  sewer lines, water and irrigation canals ....)


Ribbing (polygons space)

Loads exact survey

Topographic survey in all its forms

Evening use overall station

Summed evening use overall plant equipment are as follows:


- Difficult to conduct the investigation while taking measurements if necessary to return to the office

And directed accounts and graphics and then conduct a

 thorough investigation.


- You need to use a special filter when the sun

  monitoring or face a unit of measurement of electronic

  distances (edm) to damage

  Sometimes reflected the magnetic signal of something (or body surface reflector what) is the same inverter


Ribbing (traversing) by the overall station device


Prove the device vertically above the appropriate point (I) inside or outside the polygon or so above a

Staff of the polygon with the same mind that this point

  be selected information or imposed

Coordinates are being set vertical and horizontal

   machine completely at this station


Directed telescope device at another point coordinates

  information or form with the monitoring station

(The station is installed above the device) is known

  Alazmut error (total for North) deviation

   Or will be measured in astronomical observation and

  using a compass can also be Osmot Bmalomah

  coordinates terminal line account (I) (II), for the current example.


And advanced type of overall plant equipment total 

station is a system

Superautomatic integrated electronic) initially called for

  electonic tacheometer

Consists of an electronic Theore to read angles

  horizontal and vertical) .zmn measuring device

Distances as well as an electronic machine to record and

 store electronic data calculator

Electronic (data collector) where it can be advanced by this type of device

  Read and write and calculate angles (horizontal and 

vertical) and distances (horizontal and oblique)

And coordinates and elevations and directions

  automatically. The advantage of these devices is the

  ease of use, speed and economy.


Whistle horizontal angles circle while monitoring the 

direction of the point (ii) of the point (I)



Now surrounds the telescope toward the clockwise 

rotation to monitor all corners of the polygon if possible

See all of the monitoring station, which I usually being

  selected and the selection of staff of the polygon

The same so as to achieve this goal of the possibility of
 
   seeing all corners of the polygon station

One monitor in this example) is natural that is being

  installed inverter (appropriate and adjusted a number

  of reflective lenses) over every corner of the polygon

  (EDCBA)

  When you perform monitoring at him for the purposes

 of measuring and recording automated distances and 

angles (horizontal and vertical)


Comprehensive measurement device


Then can the overall station device with automatic

  calculation and storage and show (Ali

Screen device itself) horizontal and vertical angles and

  deviations values (azimuths)

And distances horizontal and diagonal lines of 

measurement (ie id ic ib ia) as well as the coordinates

Staff of the polygon (cbaed) and a differential elevations

  and / elevations (if feed

Palmnsop device known or supposed to monitoring

  point I) and other information in accordance with

It is required for the type of device and the type and 

number and efficiency of computer software and other

  accessories (

Tools and collecting and recording and storage of

  electronic information)


After being so moving to a new monitoring station next 

to the previous station (I) and not (III)

As shown on the form provided that coordinates

  information and follow the same reference

Approved for initial monitoring station (I), we follow the

 same steps with the previously mentioned

Change only the monitoring of the site (I) to (III) and

  when consensus or convergence results being

The mean values of middle-distance and distance

  deviations and levels adoption (or /

Highs differences) and coordinates resulting from the

 monitoring of both stations (I) and (II)


Note:


In the case of a large polygon and / or inability to see all

 the corners of the polygon to monitor one station can 

then follow the same steps above but choose the largest 
  
number of monitoring stations